Placental Anatomy

Placental Anatomy: To study placental microbiome in depth, we must know about the anatomy and structure of placenta. Placenta has two parts one is Chorion frondosum, which is short and fetus produced this part and…

Placental microflora seeded from

It is unsure that from where and when fetal and placental microbiota comes from. May be microbes are passed from intestinal lumen of mother or from the vaginal track or from the oral cavity or…

Placental Microbiome

Microbiota of an individual is acquired at birth, or in womb of mother? Whether the first encounter of microbes and fetus occur before, during or after delivery? Can the micro-organism reach the fetus by crossing…

Gastric Microbiota in Gastric Diseases

The interruption of human gastric microbiota has been identified as a trigger of different diseases of the stomach. Atrophic gastritis: It is observed in patients with atrophic gastritis that, less gastric acid barrier allows the…

Gastric Microbiota Composition

Stomach is known as sterile organ as it produce acid that is not friendly for bacteria. However, the bile acid’s reflux, gastric peristalsis and mucus layer thickness thought to obstruct the colonies of bacteria in…

Impact of Host’s Gut Microbiota on Fertility

Gut microbiome i.e. conglomerates of microbes living in gastrointestinal system, majorly comprises of 4 phyla i.e. Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria. A healthy gut is characterized by abundance >90% of Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes species, however…